Thyroid Hormone Replacement

Hormone replacement therapy often is focused on hormones such as estrogens, progesterone, DHEA and testosterone, but optimal hormone balance cannot be achieved without correcting thyroid hormone imbalances. The complexity of the relationships can be summarized as follows: menopause may modify the clinical expression of some thyroid diseases, particularly the autoimmune ones; and thyroid function is […]

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Transdermal Pain Management Formulations

pain

The quotes and recommendations below represent a synopsis of a comprehensive CME article “Use of Topical Pain Medications in the Treatment of Various Pain Syndromes” written by Sahar Z. Swidan, PharmD (Adjunct Clinical Associate Professor of Pharmacy, University of Michigan College of Pharmacy, and Chief Executive Officer of Pharmacy Solutions) and Hagar A. Mohamed, MS […]

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Pain That Won’t Go Away!

Neuropathic pain can be caused by
diabetes, shingles, or an injury, and can
be very challenging to treat. The elderly
exhibit a higher incidence of neuropathic
pain conditions than younger individuals.
Treatment of neuropathic pain in the
elderly with oral medications usually
requires lower dosing, slower titration, and
more monitoring for efficacy and adverse
effects than in younger patients. Drugs
are absorbed and eliminated at […]

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Veterinary – Cats & High Blood Pressure

In cats, untreated chronic high blood pressure (hypertension) can lead to damage to the eyes, kidneys, heart, and central nervous system. The majority of cats with chronic hypertension will require drug therapy. Amlodipine is a medication that has been
shown to lower systolic blood pressure
(the top number) by approximately 40
mmHg, reducing the risk of organ damage. […]

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